The Law as a career field is a great career option for the students who are looking for their higher studies after their senior secondary education. If you are really interested in the law fields than there are various specialization courses that you can choose as per your interest. Corporate law is also one such specialized branch of law, which you can study either after completing your class 12th or after your graduation. If you are interested in the corporate field then this course will give you a platform, to work with big organizations and MNC
Broadly, practitioners of law are usually of three types:-
Litigators:- They handle controversies between two parties that are worked into a lawsuit to be presented in court. Area of work include criminal cases such as felony or homicide and civil cases such as disputes in real estate, fraud o intellectual property.
Corporate Lawyers: they work to plan, negotiate and document business transactions or deals, contracts, mergers, or registration of intellectual property or trademarks.
Judges:- they represent the government and hear and decide cases.
A law graduate can specialise in any of the specific areas mentioned below, depending on his/her interest and and inclination.
- Civil law
- Tax law
- Criminal law
- Corporate law
- International law
- Labor law
- Real estate law
- Patent law
- Intellectual property rights
- Cyber law
A law graduate after completing the mandatory article ship ca become either an advocate or a solicitor. An advocate pleads in court and is actively involved in litigation, whereas a solicitor offers legal advise to clients on a wide range of subjects, from personal to business matter. Solicitor may brief and advises the advocate who take up case.
Today, more skills are required to practice law competently and effectively. Some of these are:
A. Command over language This skill is quintessential for every lawyer. You need to be able to express yourself efficiently and lucidly to do well in this industry.
B. Oratory skills For lawyers in private practice, being a good speaker is vital. A prospective litigator must develop the art of modulating his/her voice as per the demand of the situation to emerge successful.
C. The 3As – Attitude, Aptitude and Analytics. These qualities make a lawyer expert in analyzing the legal problems and arriving at calculated conclusions.
D. Reading habit A lawyer must essentially develop a regular habit of reading. Reading must be primarily related to law though it may, also include culture, history, science, politics, etc.
E. Perseverance During initial years a fresh law school graduate may face harsh working hours but one must be patient and focus on deserving instead of desiring.
F. Team work Lawyers who collaborate well possess the ability to identify and bring out the best others have to offer, submerging their own positions and egos where necessary in order to reach the optimal client outcome.
G. Emotional intelligence Clients need the empathy, perspective and personal connection of their lawyers to feel whole and satisfied where colleagues need engagement, respect and understanding to be their best.
H. Financial literacy Almost every client and every case involves money in some way, and every lawyer in private practice is running a business of one size or another. Financial literacy becomes essential in such a scenario.
I. Technological affinity It has become one of the basic qualities of a lawyer these days. If a person cannot efficiently use e-mail, acces the Internet, work with instant messaging, Adobe Acrobat and the like, clients and colleagues will pass you by.
J. Time management To achieve and meet deadlines, whether it is in corporate or litigation practice, time management is very essential. An effective lawyer is one who knows how to manage time.
LLB degree is awarded at the undergraduate level and LLM is awarded at the post-graduation. There are two levels of entry for llb course:-
- After 12th standard:- there is a 5 year integrated BA-LLB course, any stream. Some deemed university also offer a 5 year integrated BBA-LLB course.
- After Graduation:- there is three year course , any stream
CLAT is the primary process to get admission. 12th standard pass or any stream. 200 marks with 200 questions.
Another one is All India Bar Examination
Exam subjects are English including comprehension, genera knowledge, current affairs, elementary mathematics, numerical ability, legal aptitude and reasoning.
Govt job:- you could choose to build a career in Ministry of Law and Justice where you could be a part of legal affairs, or dept of justice. Lawyers are appointed through UPSC examand based on their experience in the field as law officer, assistant advisor, deputy legal advisor and legal advisor. State legal services appoint lawyers through SPSC exams in senior position in state police, revenue, judicial dpt. They also work as a public prosecution on behalf of government providing legal advocacy. Then there is the judiciary, where officers are recruited trough a competitive exam. Then they appointed as prosecutors, solicitors, attorney general, advocate general, notary and oath commissioners.
Private Practice:- you can work as a litigator, and corporate lawyer. You can also join or open corporate law firms. As a legal advisor in corporate sector.
You can also pursue teaching as a career option for those with an aptitude and interest in teaching. Masters degree in LLM or NET qualified is must . Other than this, you could apply for research fellowship with premier institute like National Judicial Academy or Confederation of India Industries.
Lawyer in defence services
Skills Required :-
- A natural flair for logical reasoning and for objective analysis of situations
- Persuasiveness and the ability to think
- Ability to work under pressure and manage stress, work long hours, conducting research, writing documents
- Quick, responsive, and excellent memory to retain and retrieve relevant rules and regulations, acts and notifications.
- Patience, strategic thinking to watch pattern, team work to manage people.
Some of the top law firms in the country are:
- Amarchand Mangaldas
- AZB & Partners
- J Sagar Associates
- Khaitan & Co
- Luthra & Luthra
- Desai & Diwanji
- Singhania & Partners
- Titus & Co
- Wadia Ghandy & Co
- Lakshmi Kumaran & Sridharan
- Economic Laws Practice
- Vaish & Associates
Top LLB institutes in India
- National Law School of India University- Bangalore
- National Academy of Legal Studies and Research University - Andhra Pradesh
- Campus Law Centre- Delhi
- National Law Institute University (NLIU) – Bhopal
- Symbiosis Law School- Pune
- WB National University of Juridical Sciences (NUJS) - Kolkata
- National Law University- Jodhpur
- ILS Law College- Pune
- Rajiv Gandhi School of Intellectual Property Law, IIT Kharagpur- Kharagpur
- Gujarat National Law University (GNLU) - Ahmedabad
- Amity University- Delhi/NCR
- Faculty of Law Banaras Hindu University- Varanasi
- Faculty of Law, Aligarh Muslim University- Aligarh
- Government Law College- Mumbai
- Army Institute of Law (AIL) - Punjab
- Hidayatullah National Law University (HNLU) - Chattisgarh
- School of Law Christ University (SLCU) - Bangalore
- Cochin University of Science and Technology- Kochi
- Faculty of Law, Jamia Milia Islamia- Delhi
- Nalsar Law University, Hyderabad
- Jindal Global Law School
- Aligarh Muslim University
- IP University
- Bharti Vidyapeeth
- Punjab University
- Nirma University
- Lovely Professional University
- Ram Manohar Lohia National Law University Lucknow
- Army Institute of Law, Mohali
- Indian Law Society Law College, Pune
- MS Ramaiah College of Law, Bangalore
- Kurukshetra University
- Dr DY Patil Pune
- GITAM University
- Alliance School of Law Bangalore
- Ansal University
- Allahabad University
- Manav Rachna University
SOURCE:- Google & Various Educaton Books