Journalism is concerned with collection and dissemination of news through the print media as well as the electronic media. This involves various areas of works like reporting, writing, editing, photographing, broadcasting or cable casting news items
Journalism is classified into two on the basis of media-
Print Journalism and
Electronic (Audio/Visual) Journalism.
Print Journalism includes newspapers, magazines and journals. In print journalism one can work as editors, reporters, columnists, correspondents etc.
Electronic journalism includes working for Radio, Television and the Web. In the web, skilled people are required to maintain sites by web newspapers (which cater only to the web and do not have print editions) and popular newspapers and magazines who have their own web editions.
In electronic journalism one can be a reporter, writer, editor, researcher, correspondent and anchor
NEWSPAPERS: The newspapers never really fade away. Even when everything has gone digital, literally, the spread of literacy and modern printing technology ensure that newspapers continue to shape opinions in the global village of today. The career options available are as follows:
1. ASSOCIATE EDITOR: An associate editor needs to direct the preparation of a section of the newspaper or magazine. Preparation of news, featured articles and critical reviews, planning the layout and assigning the reporters and photographers is the job.
Requirements: one needs to be aware and have the ability to write, edit and question constructively.
2. SUB EDITOR: It needs you to sort the contents of the material to be printed, rewriting the articles to make them suitable for the paper, improving the language and giving appropriate and attractive headlines.
Requirements: Imagination, understanding and sense of news.
3. EDITOR: He is the key head who ensures consistency and continuity of the newspaper or magazine. The job of the editor is to present the newspaper in an attractive manner and assure that it is highly utilitarian. It also includes appointing juniors, writing the editorial section and leading the team.
4. PROOF READER: A proof reader compares the proofs with the edited copy. It involves completing the final text accurately.
Requirements: Detailed knowledge of grammar, spelling and punctuation.
5. REPORTER: It is the job of a key operator of a newspaper, magazine, newsÂ agency, radio or a TV channel which requires one to report with speed, clarity and accuracy.
Requirement: Sense to recognize a story, objectivity
6. CORRESPONDENT/ SPECIAL REPORTER: It requires detailed knowledge in a single field like politics, economics, sports etc; along with the ability to interpret and explain the news on the basis of the awareness.
7. WRITER: It involves choosing subjects and themes, conducting researches and assembling materials to write. There are also Feature writers who write detailed stories and commentaries on specific topics; and Leader writers, who express their ideas and views on news topics through editorial columns.
10. PHOTO JOURNALIST
RESEARCHERS: They do all the work for the channel or the site
PRODUCTION WORKERS: Requires good organizational skills, ability to work independently, confidence to deal with crisis situations and sensitivity
FLOOR MANAGERS: Requires good communication skills, leadership qualities to guide and instruct others.
TRANSMISSION EXECUTIVES: Requires knowledge of the art of public relations, good levels of concentration and dedication
REPORTERS: They are the primary source of news. To be a reporter one requires a good communication skill and ability to search and elaborate on all that is important.
SOUND TECHNICIANS: It requires creativity, communication skills, a sense of sound effects and technical knowledge.
CAMERA WORKERS: Requires artistic sense, technical knowledge, ability to work in difficult situations and adaptability
PRESENTERS: Requires good communication skills, skilled command over speech, diction and language, general knowledge, intelligence, the ability to be articulate and composed in stressful conditions and a good quality of expression
The internet is fast emerging into an influential medium which promises updated news content at no cost. The news has to be made sharp and interesting. Editing, presentations, attractive captions are necessary and key facts have to be mentioned.
Area of working
A journalist has to cover stories/features on various aspects of life i.e. political, financial , leisure, crime, sports, entertainment, spiritual, educational , infrastructure, technological , medical, and so on. Not to forget, along with the newspapers , there has been an increase in the number of magazines too. Specialised magazines are available in the field of fashion, beauty, family, for youth, travel, medical, technological , lifestyle, education, sports, etc. They can be in many languages. Some of the work opportunities are in the areas of advertising agencies; educational institutes , magazines, news papers, portals/websites of publications , publishing houses, radio channels as well as television channels
The skills that required in the candidate for the admission in these courses are alertness, investigative mind, tolerate of difficult situation, English language proficiency, good communication skill, enthusiasm, confidence, patience, view on fact and fiction in-depth knowledge in culture and current affair. one should have an curious mind, will power, an aptitude for presenting information in a precise, concise and effective manner. He/she should also be able to arrange thoughts and express them clearly in both forms of communications- written as well as oral.
Moreover, a journalist has to be diplomatic, confident and structured while interviewing the public and celebrities. Journalists must have the skill of filtering relevant facts from the irrelevant ones. The capability of accepting criticism and keenness to do considerable rewriting are also crucial in this profession
Indian institute of mass communication (IIMC) is a government institute under Ministry of information and broadcasting (MIC) conducts entrance exam for diploma and PG diploma courses.
Saraswati Music College (est. 1924),
A-1/226, safdarjung enclave, New Delhi-110029
Ph: 26105611, 26167922
Indian Institute of Mass Communication (IIMC)
JNU new campus,Aruna Asif Ali Marg,
New Delhi - 110067, India
Phone: 91-011-26741268, 26742920/60
AJK Mass Communication Research Centre
Jamia Millia Islamia University
Maulana Mohammed Ali Jauhar Marg
New Delhi -110 025
Phone: +91 11 2698 7285, +91 11 2698 6812, +91 11 2698 6813
Fax: +91 11 2698 6811
National Institute for Media Studies (NIMS)
Courses: MA / BA in Mass Communication, PG & Bsc in Visual Communication & Fine Arts
Upper Level, Panchdhara Complex,
Nr. GNFC Towers, S.G. Highway,
Ahmedabad 380 054
Phone: 079 - 26855701 / 26855702
National Institutes of advertising, New Delhi
9, Institutional Area, Lodhi Road
Phone: 91- 11- 656 564 90/91/92, 9871565565
Amity School of Journalism & Communication,
Amity Campus, Sector 44
Phone: 26569050, 2653047
Asian Academy of Film & Television
Contact Information: Marwah Studios Complex
FC-14/15, Film City, Sector-16A
Uttar PradeshPhone: 95120-2515254, 2515255, 2515256.
Wigan & Leigh College,New Delhi
38, Nehru Place ,
New Delhi 110019
Phone No: 011-41617053/4/5/6, 9818479333
Sardar Patel College of Communication & Management,New Delhi
Kasturba Gandhi Marg,
Website: : www.bvbdelhi.org
Times School of Journalism
Times Centre for Media Studies,
10 Darya Ganj, New Delhi 110002
University of Delhi
University Road, Delhi 110 00
Phone South Campus: 011-24119832
Phone North Campus: 011-2766709, 27667011, 27667190
Academy 18 networks Ltd
Studio 18, India Pvt. Ltd,8,
Guru Ravi Das Marg, Kalkaji, New Delhi 110019
EMPI Institute of Advertising & Communication
complex, Satbari, Mehrauli
New Delhi -110030,Phone: 26805090, 26804210
Indira Gandhi National Open University
Maidan Garhi, New Delhi
Phone: 2685924- 25-27
Kamla Nehru College, DU
(W),Khel Gaon Marg,
Phone: 26494881, 26490061
YMCA Centre for Mass Media
Jai Singh Road, New Delhi-110001
Telephone: 0091-11-23361915, 3746668
South Delhi Polytechnic for Women
Lajpat Nagar- IV, New Delhi - 110024
Phones (Office): 26294833, 26294836, 26482298
Fax No. : 011-26474425
Sir Aurobindo Institute Of Mass Communication
Sir Aurobindo Marg, Near IIT,New Delhi 110016,
Phone: 26524798, 26567863
The Advertising Academy
BE-303, Ist Floor,Hari Nagar,
New Delhi 110064,
International Institute Of Mass Media,
International Institute of Mass Media B-50,
South Extension – I,New Delhi - 110049
Phone: 011-2465 4512, 2465 4514, 2462 6660
Fax: 011-2462 6670
Institute of Mass Communication, Manipal
Press Corner,Manipal – 576 104(Karnataka)
Phone: 91 820 2571901/03
Fax: +91 820 2571902
- Mudra Institute of Communications (MICA), Ahmedabad
- Asian College of Journalism, Chennai
- Xavier Institute of Communication (XIC), Mumbai
- Makhanlal Chaturvedi University
- Indian Institute of Journalism and New Media (IIJNM), Bangalore
- Banars Hindu University
- Top Recruiters
- NDTV Network
- Hindustan Times Group of Publication
- Zee TV Network
- Times of India Publication Group
- Big Entertainment
- TV 18 Groups