CAREER IN PSYCHOLOGY
Psychology is a branch of science that deals with mental processes and behavior. It is the systematic study of human and animal behavior, mind and thought. To pursue the career of a psychologist, one should have a genuine desire to help other human beings
Psychology is mainly concerned with the way the mind works. Psychologists study the processes, motives, reactions, feelings and nature of the human mind. Their treatment is based on changing the behavioral patterns of the patients without medication. They do counseling and help people by bringing about changes in their thought process, thus improving their quality of life.
Before proceeding for this career…. Firstly, let us explain you about “Psychologist”.
The Psychologist is an expert or specialist in psychology.
Sometimes peoples think that the Psychologist and psychiatrist are same profession, but they both are completely different.
Psychiatrist or othermedical doctor uses medication for treatment while Psychologists can only use talk therapy as a treatment.
There are specializations in many fields of psychology such as social psychology, child psychology, occupational psychology, clinical psychology, educational psychology, experimental psychology, abnormal psychology, behavior psychology, counselling psychology, criminal psychology, rehabilitative or health and medical psychology. Counselling students can further focus on marital counselling, drug rehabilitation or consumer behavior.
If you specialize in forensic psychology, you can also get hired by police and insurance companies
Psychology Personal Skills
In order to be successful in the field of psychology, one must have:
a very analytical mind for diagnosis
excellent communication skills to effectively counsel patients who suffer from mental/behavioral issues
a lot of patience, which grants the psychologist the ability to remain cool under pressure when dealing with a particularly difficult case or challenging patient
a genuine passion for helping people overcome their own mental/behavioral challenges
compassion combined with drive are the two most important personality traits for a psychologist
Universities offering psychology (counseling and clinical psychology):
- Delhi University
- Jamia Millia Islamia
- Panjabi University
- Gautam Buddha University
- Allahabad University
- IIT Bombay
- SNDT University
- Mumbai University
- Pune University
- Bangalore University
- M S University of Baroda
- University of Calcutta
- Banaras Hindu University (Varanasi)
- Aligarh Muslim University
- Fergusson College (Pune)
- Christ University (Bangalore)
- Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham All India Entrance Examination
- Manipal University Ma Clinical Psychology Entrance Exam
- Delhi University M.A Applied Psychology Entrance Exam
- Annamalai University M.Sc Clinical Psychology Entrance Exam
- National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences Entrance Exam
Bachelors Courses (Three Year duration):
- B.sc in Psychology
- BA (Hons) in Psychology
- Bachelor of Arts in Psychology
Master Courses (Two Year duration):
- Master of Arts in Psychology
- Master of Arts in Applied Psychology
- Master of Arts in Counseling Psychology
- M. Sc in Psychology
Doctoral Courses (Two Year duration):
- Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology
- M.Phill in Psychology
They can easily find jobs in private and government sectors. Psychologist mostly taken up for jobs in various universities, colleges & schools, hospitals, clinics, government agencies, etc. Countries like Europe, USA, New Zealand & Australia are the popular places for job opportunities
- Rehabilitation Centers
- Psychological Research Centers
- Advertising Industry
- Welfare Organizations
- Psychological assessment and testing
- Research Establishments
- Development of prevention programs
- Child/ Youth Guidance Centers
Duties of a Psychologist:
Identify and research human behaviors and emotional patterns.
Use test and assessment to aid in diagnosing a mental health condition for the patient.
They gathered information through their observations, interviews, surveys, and other methods used.
Search organizational, psychological, emotional, behavioral, diagnose disorders, using information collected from their research study.
Offer long term counselling for those patients suffering from mental health disorders
Share the problems of their patients and make conclusions.
Write reports, articles, research theory, and to share collected data.
Studies the behavior and brain functions.
- Clinical Psychologist
- Clinical Social Worker
- Psychiatrist Nurse
- Art Therapist
Psychology Job Prospects
Aspirants who have successfully competed their training in psychology can make their mark in the following lucrative branches of psychology.
Clinical psychologists assess and treat people with psychological problems. They may act as therapists for people who are experiencing normal psychological crises (e.g., grief) or for individuals suffering from chronic psychiatric disorders. Some clinical psychologists are generalists who work with a wide variety of populations, while others work with specific groups such as children, the elderly, or those with specific disorders
Counseling psychologists do many of the same things that clinical psychologists do. However, counseling psychologists tend to focus more on persons with adjustment problems rather than on persons suffering from severe psychological disorders. They may be trained in psychology departments or in education departments. Counselling psychologists are employed in academic settings, college counselling centers, community mental health centers.
Health psychologists are concerned with psychology's contributions to the promotion and maintenance of good health and the prevention and treatment of illness. They may design and conduct programmes to help individuals stop smoking, lose weight, shed alcoholism, manage stress, and stay physically fit. They are employed in hospitals, medical schools, rehabilitation centers, public health agencies, academic settings, and private practice.
Teaching and Research
If you're interested in teaching undergraduate, master's-level, or doctoral-level students, you will probably work in a university setting, where you will probably also do research. If an individual is not interested in teaching and wants to focus on research, he/she can work for government agencies (for example, the Centers for Disease Control) or for private research organizations. To work as a psychologist in these settings, one would need a Ph.D. in psychology.
I/O psychologists (as they are usually called) are concerned with the relationships between people and their work environments. They may develop new ways to increase workplace productivity or be involved in personnel selection. They are employed in business, government agencies, factories, industrial set-ups corporate houses and academic establishments.
Sports psychologists are concerned with the psychological factors that improve athletic performance. They also look at the effects of exercise and physical activity on psychological adjustment and health. Sports psychologists typically work in academic settings and/or as consultants for sports teams.
Jain University, Bangalore & Amity School of Physical Education & Sports Sciences offers a Postgraduate Diploma in Sports Psychology
Graduate programs in agency or community counseling train you to do counselling in human service agencies in the local community--for example, in community mental health centers. They may also train you to administer a limited number of psychological tests (vocational interest tests, for example).
The work is similar to that done by a person with a master's or doctoral degree in clinical or counseling psychology: psychotherapy and, perhaps, limited psychological testing.
Educational psychologists attempt to understand the basic aspects of human learning and to develop materials and strategies for enhancing the learning process. For example, an educational psychologist might study reading and then develop a new technique for teaching reading. Educational psychologists are typically trained in departments of education (known as departments of psychology) and employed in colleges and universities.
School counselors work with children who are troubled, helping such children function more effectively with their peers and teachers, deal with family problems, etc. They work at the elementary, middle, and high school levels.
School psychologists do a lot of testing--mostly of children who are encountering difficulties in school--to try to diagnose the problem and, sometimes, to suggest ways of dealing with the problem. School psychologists are typically trained in departments of education (vs. departments of psychology) and work in public school systems.
Another career option to consider if you're interested in counseling is social work. As is true with other disciplines, there are a variety of allied fields in social work. Social workers who practice psychotherapy are usually called either clinical social workers or psychiatric social workers. Clinical social workers are trained to diagnose and treat psychological problems. Psychiatric social workers provide services to individuals, married couples, families, and small groups. They work in mental health centers, counseling centers, sheltered workshops, hospitals, and schools. They may also have their own private practice
Industrial Psychologists - Industrial psychologists work for business, industry or government. They apply psychological principles and research methods to the workplace to improve the working conditions and productivity of employees. They also advise companies on ways of getting consumers interested in products and services.
Developmental psychologists - They study the physiological, cognitive, and social development that takes place throughout life. Some specialize in behavior during infancy, childhood, and adolescence, or changes that occur during maturity or old age.